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纷纷红紫已成尘·布谷声中夏令新

山西财院78jitong 19781017--19820715

 
 
 

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78jitong.......................................................... 高三李五七弓长,三赵九刘七大王,阎吴谢孙崔氏双,柴米余侯箩万堂, 毛邓陈宋任申杭,曾肖徐翁程董梁,储曲祁解韦国强,男女七十学跟党。

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2016年7月23日  

2016-07-23 09:13:34|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2016年7月23日 - 78jitong - 夏天来了.....
How the gig economy is helping make the case for universal basic income
With technology threatening the total number of available jobs, some Americans could benefit from such a stipend – but not everyone is convinced

It has now been nearly 14 years since I joined the “gig economy” – long before the term was invented. Since the summer of 2002, I’ve been linking together a series of work assignments – some very short-term tasks, others very long-term relationships – to produce a stream of revenue instead of a salary.

By 2014, the Freelancers Union calculated that about 53 million Americans had become independent workers, as I am, whether voluntarily or not. And the disappointing jobs data released last week, showing that half a million people dropped out of the workforce altogether, disillusioned by their inability to find work, is a reminder that these conventional salaried jobs are probably going to become more difficult to find in the coming years.

Why? Well, for all the reasons they already have been tough to find. Companies choose to interpret their mandate to maximize profits for shareholders in the narrowest possible way, and so cut their workforce to the bone, even when it’s not absolutely necessary.

And more of those jobs will soon be on the block, thanks to new technologies, argues Andy Stern in Raising the Floor, a book to be published next week by PublicAffairs. That’s hardly a revelation: automation has been transforming the world of work for decades. But Stern, the former president of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), has spent the last several years pondering what this might mean not just for work, but for incomes, and society.

“A job is really a modern invention, something that is a phenomenon of the industrial revolution,” he told me. Stern has reached the conclusion that this time there’s a reasonable probability that the wave of change might not simply result in one kind of jobs (like buggy-whip makers) being replaced by others (automakers, mechanics, long-haul drivers, engineers designing highways, and so on). Software and robotics, he fears, may result in there being fewer jobs to go around at all, leaving more Americans unemployed or scrambling to knit together a crazy quilt of self-created jobs: driving for Uber part-time while making furniture to sell on Etsy in the evenings at home.

The result? “The United States of anxiety,” he quips. Stern argues that we’re heading, at a rapid clip, towards a situation where we not only have income inequality but a far greater degree of income insecurity than we experience today.

His solution is to throw his weight behind proposals for a universal basic income.


 
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